"The interim authority should not not be led by the UN"
Läs hela chattet med Bakhtiar Amin
Bakhtiar Amin leder den Parisbaserade ”Internationella rättvisealliansen” IAJ:s arbete. Organisationen grundades 2001 och har sedan dess samlat 275 internationella organisationer i över 120 länder.
Paraplyorganisationen arbetar för att den irakiska regimen ställs inför rätta. Kravet är att en tribunal inrättas för att utreda krigsförbrytelser, brott mot mänskligheten och folkmord i Irak.
Bakhtiar Amin föddes i den irakiska staden Kirkuk och är svensk medborgare. Han har en magisterexamen i internationella relationer från Sorbonne, har forskat i geopolitik och har studerat journalistik i Sverige. Och har de senaste 20 åren arbetat med människorättsfrågor och biståndsarbete.
Bakhtiar Amin talar arabiska, kurdiska, engelska, franska, serbokroatiska, ryska, persiska, turkiska och lite svenska.
Therese säger: Does any of the Iraqi people support Saddam Hussein, or is the majority against him as a president?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: Over 90 percent of the Iraqi people are in opposition to Saddam Hussein. Three and one-half provinces the size of Switzerland in the north are opposed to Saddam Hussein. Four million Iraqi refugees are opposed to Saddam. Saddam and his thugs, composed of various special forces and death squads and those involved in crimes have linked their fate to this brutal dictator.
Clea säger: Who is democratic and responsible and qualified enough to lead a democratic Iraq after Saddam?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: The Iraqi people are one of the most educated people in the Middle East. There are a skillful and talented people and it has a genuine and diverse opposition. Through elections, the Iraqi people can choose its own leadership to govern Iraq.
Mickee säger: Mr. Amin, why is the maintenance of current Iraqi boarders a preferred solution to the regional self-determination of the various ethnic populations of the land?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: Certainly the borders of Iraq are recent in history. They were drawn in 1921 and recognized in 1932 by the League of Nations. The northern border was demarcated according to the Angora Treaty in 1926. All ethnic groups and political parties today in opposition have asked through their various conferences and declarations that they are committed to a democratic, pluralistic and federal Iraq. Nobody is asking for the dismantling of Iraq today among the mainstream opposition groups.
Kenta säger: Who should lead the interim authority, U.N. or USA?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: The interim authority should not not be led by the UN. The UN wanted to condemn the Iraqi people to despotism. They concentrated just on weapons of mass destruction, not on the suffering of the Iraqi people. They failed to address the crimes of Saddam and his henchmen. Iraq should be led by the Iraqi people. The Iraqi oil money should go to the Iraqi people and not to UN bureaucrats.
vb säger: What do you think about the demonstration around the world against the war in Iraq?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: Demonstrations are a democratic right. Nevertheless, we wish that these demonstrationsa supported the indictment of the Iraqi leadership or pressuring the dictator of Baghdad to resign. Never in the history of the past 35 years of the genocidal rule of Saddam have we seen demonstrations on behalf of the Iraqi people. We never lived in peace under Saddam. He brought us four wars and sanctions. He has killed more people than all the people who demonstrated on the streets.
Pelle säger: If you´ll decide, will the kurds of Iraq get there freedom and their own country?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: Absolutely. My organization is an advocate of self+determination rights of people as enshrined in the UN Charter and in the UN Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The Kurds, themselves, in a referendum should decide their fate. As I understand it, their parliament and their political parties are for a federal system in Iraq and not for independence. This does not mean that it is not their right. But they are pragmatic, and not maximalists.
Tomas säger: Mr. Amin, in Iraq there is minorities. In the media we hear all the time about the kurdish people, which is a large minority in Iraq. But we hear very little or nothing about the other minorities, such as Assyrians and Turkmens. How will the future be for this peoples in a future democratic Iraq?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: There are sizable Turkomen and Assyrian minorities in Iraq. Six percent of Iraq"s population are Turkomen and three percent Assyrian. According to the 1957 census, which is the most reliable. Iraq needs a new census to define the evolution of Iraqi society. These minorities have suffered enormously under Saddam. The future government of Iraq should reflect the ethnic and religious composition of Iraq. They should participate in governing in Iraq. The time has come to end the domination.
Anders säger: Hi Bakhtiar! Do you think Saddam is still alive, as we speak to day?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: I don"t know.
saddamsuger säger: Hi, sources say that Saddam now might have been killed in a US based JDA bomb attack, if this is true will your organisation continue to work for international justice? And if so, what will be your new objectives?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: We have heard this information. There are still a lot of Saddam´s henchmen alive -- criminals of the Revolutionary Command Council and his sons and secondary criminals in the chain of command responsible for atrocities and crimes and they should all be brought before the bar of justice. My organization will continue to work for justice for the many victims of this cruel regime and we are suggesting the establishment of a truth and reconcilation commission as was done in South Africa.
Tex säger: How fast do you think Iraq has to be rebuilt in order to prevent anarchy and dangerous reactions from the rest of the Arabic world?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: The work has already started. Preparations have been ongoing. Working groups composed of Iraqi experts, technocrats, politicians among free Iraqis have worked with the coalition forces for the last two years planning for the reconstruction of the country in the post-war era as well as establishing transitional justice systems and building democracy. I doubt there will be chaos. Instability was created by this regime in Iraq.
rickard säger: Why do you want to overthrow a person who was elected by the people of Iraq?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: God created all creatures, but not all of them believe in him. How can Saddam claim that 100 percent of the Iraqi people support him. In reality, Iraq is a one-party system. No opposition is allowed to exercise political rights. There are no fundamental freedoms. The country is run by an extraordinarily ruthless dictator, that created a facist, totalitarian, racist system. The dictator was inspired by Hitler, Stalin and Pol Pot and their methods.
lillijan säger: If Iraq had those weapons that USA think they have why would Iraq not use them?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: He used them in the past. He gassed 281 Kurdish villages and the town of Halabja. He used it against the Shiites in the south. He used them against the Iranians. The war is not over yet. If he is able, he will use them. We pray to God that he will not be able to use them. Still, hundreds of thousands of people are suffering from the effects of his WMD.
roger säger: How long should the allied stay in Iraq if you could decide?
Bakhtiar Amin säger: As long as it is necessary to secure and stabilize the country. We need their help in the transitional people -- also to deter regional interference in Iraqi affairs. In the first two years, Iraq should prepare the environment for free elections when Iraqis can decide about their political and economic future.
<<FONT COLOR="#990000"> Bakhtiar Aminsäger: Thank you for your questions. We need your solidarity with the Iraqi people. Hopefully this dictator will soon be history.
Invest in your relationship with the Iraqi people and free Iraqis.